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Molds are tiny fungi that grow and thrive in damp, warm, and humid environments. They can be found both indoors and outdoors and are a common cause of asthma and allergy symptoms for many people. While some types of mold are relatively harmless, others can cause serious health problems, especially for people with asthma and allergies.

This blog will discuss how molds can trigger asthma and allergies and how to protect yourself from mold-related health risks.

What Are Molds?

Molds are a type of fungus that is made up of tiny spores. These spores can be found both indoors and outdoors and can easily spread through the air. When these spores are inhaled, they can cause an allergic reaction in some people. 

Symptoms of this reaction can include sneezing, itching, coughing, watery eyes, and difficulty breathing. These symptoms can be especially severe for people who have asthma or allergies.

How Mold Spores Trigger Asthma and Allergy Symptoms

Mold spores trigger asthma and allergy symptoms when they are inhaled into the lungs. The body’s immune system reacts to the spores as if they were a foreign invader, causing inflammation and irritation in the airways. This can lead to coughing, difficulty breathing, chest tightness, and wheezing. Asthma-related symptoms may worsen when molds are present in the home.

Allergy symptoms are caused by the body’s immune system reacting to mold spores or other mold-related substances, such as proteins, enzymes, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). These substances can cause allergic rhinitis, which is characterized by sneezing, itchy eyes, and a runny nose. In some cases, people may also experience skin rashes or hives.

Other Health Issues Mold Spores Can Cause

In addition to triggering asthma and allergy symptoms, molds can also cause more serious health issues. Mold exposure can cause chronic sinus infections, respiratory illnesses, and even neurological conditions. It can also cause damage to your home, as molds can cause structural damage to walls and other surfaces.

Mold spores can also aggravate other respiratory conditions, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). People with COPD may experience difficulty breathing, chest pain, wheezing, and coughing when exposed to mold spores.

How to Reduce Your Risk of Asthma and Allergy Symptoms from Mold

Fortunately, there are several steps you can take to reduce your risk of experiencing asthma and allergy symptoms from mold. Here are a few:

1. Control Humidity

Mold thrives in humid environments, so keeping the humidity in your home manageable is essential. Use a dehumidifier to keep the humidity between 30 and 50 percent. Use it regularly, particularly in wet or damp areas like the bathroom and basement.

2. Ventilate

Ventilation is key to reducing mold growth. Make sure to open windows and doors regularly to allow fresh air to enter your home, and keep them open for at least 15 minutes a day. Use fans to help circulate the air and keep moisture away.

3. Clean and Disinfect

Cleaning and disinfecting your home regularly will help reduce the growth of mold. Use a damp cloth to wipe down surfaces and vacuum carpets and rugs at least once weekly. To clean affected areas, use a cleaning solution specifically designed to kill molds, such as bleach or hydrogen peroxide.

4. Repair Leaks

Leaky pipes and faucets can cause water to pool and provide the ideal environment for mold to grow. Fix any leaks as soon as possible to prevent mold growth.

5. Monitor for Mold

Check for signs of mold regularly and address any issues immediately. Look for black, green, or brown spots on surfaces and a musty smell. If you find mold, cleaning and removing it immediately is important.


Overall, molds can trigger asthma and allergy symptoms in some people, and it is important to reduce exposure to mold spores. Keeping your home clean, dry, and free of mold growth is the best way to protect yourself from mold-related health risks. 

If you or someone in your home has asthma or allergies, consult a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment. Your doctor may recommend medications to help manage your symptoms and reduce your mold exposure.

Do you feel like the air quality in your home or business is not up to par? Does your building have a musty smell or visible mold growth that you’re concerned about? Are you worried about the potential health risks of mold exposure? If so, it’s time to call in the professionals at Clean Air Carolinas Inc. for superior mold remediation in Matthews, NC. Contact us today to book your appointment!